ISO 20816-2:2017
ISO 20816-2:2017



ISO 20816-2:2017 is applicable to land-based gas turbines, steam turbines and generators (whether coupled with gas and/or steam turbines) with power outputs greater than 40 MW, fluid-film bearings and rated speeds of 1 500 r/min, 1 800 r/min, 3 000 r/min or 3 600 r/min. The criteria provided in ISO 20816-2:2017 can be applied to the vibration of the gas turbine, steam turbine and generator (including synchronizing clutches). ISO 20816-2:2017 establishes provisions for evaluating the severity of the following in-situ, broad-band vibration:

a) structural vibration at all main bearing housings or pedestals measured radial (i.e. transverse) to the shaft axis;

b) structural vibration at thrust bearing housings measured in the axial direction;

c) vibration of rotating shafts radial (i.e. transverse) to the shaft axis at, or close to, the main bearings.

These are in terms of the following:

- vibration under normal steady-state operating conditions;

- vibration during other (non-steady-state) conditions when transient changes are taking place, including run up or run down, initial loading and load changes;

- changes in vibration which can occur during normal steady-state operation.

ISO 20816-2:2017 is not applicable to the following:

i) electromagnetic excited vibration with twice line frequency at the generator stator windings, core and housing;

ii) aero-derivative gas turbines (including gas turbines with dynamic properties similar to those of aero-derivatives);

NOTE ISO 3977‑3 defines aero-derivatives as aircraft propulsion gas generators adapted to drive mechanical, electrical or marine propulsion equipment. Large differences exist between heavy-duty and aero-derivative gas turbines, for example, in casing flexibility, bearing design, rotor-to-stator mass ratio and mounting structure. Different criteria, therefore, apply for these two turbine types.

iii) steam turbines and/or generators with outputs less than or equal to 40 MW or with rated speeds other than 1 500 r/min, 1 800 r/min, 3 000 r/min or 3 600 r/min (although generators seldom fall into this latter category) (see ISO 7919‑3 and ISO 10816‑3);

iv) gas turbines with outputs less than or equal to 40 MW or with rated speeds other than 1 500 r/min, 1 800 r/min, 3 000 r/min or 3 600 r/min (see ISO 7919‑3 or ISO 7919‑4 and ISO 10816‑3 or ISO 10816‑4);

v) the evaluation of combustion vibration but does not preclude monitoring of combustion vibration.

General information 

  •  :  Published
     : 2017-07
  •  : 1
     : 23
  •  : ISO/TC 108/SC 2 Measurement and evaluation of mechanical vibration and shock as applied to machines, vehicles and structures
  •  :
    17.160 Vibrations, shock and vibration measurements
    27.040 Gas and steam turbines. Steam engines
    29.160.40 Generating sets

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